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Eye Problems

The eyes are the windows to the soul because they reflect our state of mind. The eye is a sensitive organ, with the eyelid, the eyebrow and tears to protect it! This is why various triggers can cause serious eye irritation. Factors such as wind, environmental pollutants and toxins, allergies, and bright light can cause common eye problems such as bloodshot eyes, inflamed eyes, dry eyes, itchy eyes or eye strain.

The most common eye problems are :

1. Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis or “pink eye” is an inflammation of the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the whites of the eyes. The cause is usually viral (if bacteria are involved, the discharge will be thick and yellow-green). Conjunctivitis can also be caused by allergy, irritation from pollutants, windburn, or exposure to too much sun. Homeopathic remedies can help to reduce inflammation and ease discomfort in conjunctivitis

2. Uveitis 
Inflammation of the uvea, which includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid, this is often related to an autoimmune disorder, infection, or exposure to toxins. Often, only the iris is inflamed. This is called iritis.

3. Blepharitis
Blepharitis produces red-rimmed appearance of the margins of the eyelids. It’s frequently chronic and bilateral and can affect both upper and lower lids. Seborrheic Blepharitis is characterized by formation of waxy scales and symptoms of burning and foreign body sensation. Staphylococcus (ulcerative) Blepharitis is characterized by formation of dry scales along the inflamed lid margins. Both types may coexist. Blepharitis tends to recur and become chronic. It can be controlled if treatment begins before onset of ocular involvement.

4. Myopia
Diseases of the eye in which close objects are clearly visible while distant objects are blurred. Also called nearsightedness.

5. Cataract
The most common cause of corrective vision loss, a cataract is a gradually developing opacity of the lens or lenses capsule of the eye. Cataract commonly occurs bilaterally, with each progressing independently. Exceptions are traumatic cataracts, which are usually unilateral, and congenital cataracts, which may remain stationary.

6. Diplopia
Diplopia or double vision is defined as seeing one object as two and may be monocular or binocular

7. Retinal detachment
Retinal detachment occurs when the outer retinal pigment epithelium splits from the neural retina, creating sub retinal space. This space then fills with fluid, called sub retinal fluid. Retinal detachment usually involves only one eye, but may later involve other eye.

8. Glaucoma
Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the optic nerve is damaged in a characteristic pattern. This can permanently damage vision in the affected eye(s) and lead to blindness if left untreated. It is normally associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye (aqueous humor). The term 'ocular hypertension' is used for people with consistently raised intraocular pressure (IOP) without any associated optic nerve damage.

9. Stye
An external stye or sty also hordeolum, is an infection of the sebaceous glands of Zeis at the base of the eyelashes, or an infection of the apocrine sweat glands of Moll. External styes form on the outside of the lids and can be seen as small red bumps. Internal styes are infections of the meibomian sebaceous glands lining the inside of the eyelids. They also cause a red bump underneath the lid with only generalized redness and swelling visible on the outside.

10. Computer vision syndrome
Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is a temporary condition resulting from focusing the eyes on a computer display for protracted, uninterrupted periods of time. Some symptoms of CVS include headaches, blurred vision, and neck pain, redness in the eyes, fatigue, eye strain, dry eyes, irritated eyes, double vision, polyopia, and difficulty refocusing the eyes. These symptoms can be further aggravated by improper lighting conditions (i.e. glare or bright overhead lighting) or air moving past the eyes (e.g. overhead vents, direct air from a fan).

11. Eye allergies
The symptoms of eye allergies include redness, swelling of the eyes, watering of the eyes, and itching of the eye. Eye allergies are frequently associated with the allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and mostly because of the irritants which can be environmental, weather, infection of any kind. Occasionally eye allergies can cause severe damage which threatens the eye-sight.

12. Eye-injuries
Physical or chemical injuries of the eye can be a serious threat to vision if not treated appropriately and in a timely fashion. The most obvious presentation of ocular (eye) injuries is redness and pain of the affected eyes.

13. Dry-Eye-Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome (DES) -- also called dry eye or keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) -- is a common disorder of the tear film that affects a significant percentage of the population, especially those older than 40 years of age. Dry eye syndrome is a common disorder of the normal tear film that results from decreased tear production, excessive tear evaporation, and an abnormality in the production of mucus or lipids normally found in the tear layer, or a combination of these. Poor production of tears by the tear glands may be a result of age, hormonal changes, or various autoimmune diseases, such as primary Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, rosaceous, stroke, Bell’s palsy. Some medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, beta-blockers, and oral contraceptives, may decrease tear production.


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